x Introduction from various beliefs peculiar to specific religions. The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. In any case, one has to start somewhere What follows is a very heavily revised version of a text published by Oxford University Press in 1982. … Only 16% of respondents in 2007 said religion was not too or not at all important to them. Counseling and Its Importance: A Buddhist Perspective Ankaching Marma1 Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University “It is not our psychological theory that cures the patient, it is the numinous that is the real therapy.” - Carl Jung Introduction: Modern counseling psychology developed after the World War II when soldiers were highly affected with psychological injuries. Religion assures a greater reward in the afterlife to worldly failures than to successful life. Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. Psychology has been rich in comprehensive encyclope-dias and in handbooks devoted to speciﬁc topics in the ﬁeld. Religion expands one’s self to infinite proportions. The present 12-volume Handbook of Psychol- ogy was conceived to occupy this place in the literature. Society also gains from the self-flattery provided by religious belief. (2) Religion enhances self-importance. Man unites himself with the Infinite and feels ennobled. Similarly, if someone holds certain religious beliefs, only certain modes of action would make sense for them. Sociology of religion provides a framework that relates people's economic and psychological needs to theological beliefs and religious actions. If someone comes from a certain income bracket, certain modes of religious expression could better meet their pastoral needs. Religion, especially in the “Abrahamic” traditions (i.e., Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—the three major traditions acknowledging Abraham as a prophet and founder), is an integral part of many aspects of our human existence. In 2007, Americans were more likely to say religion was very important (56%) or somewhat important (26%) to them than they are today. But a com plete treatise on the philosophy of religi would be long and complicated, and space is limited in an introduction. However, there has not previously been any single handbook designed to cover the broad scope of psychological science and practice. Religion is of the utmost importance to many people, and many fascinating behaviors are performed in its name. Although religion remains important to many Americans, its importance has slipped modestly in the last seven years.
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